A vitamin is an essential micronutrient needed in small quantities for the proper functioning of an organism’s metabolism.


The vitamins needed by the body include vitamins A and B, vitamins; B1 (Thiamine)  B2 (Riboflavin)  B3 (Niacin)  B5 (Pantothenic acid) B6 (pyridoxine)  B9 (folic acid)  B12 (cobalamin), vitamins C (ascorbic acid) D, E and K.

You can get all your vitamins from the fruits you eat. Your body can also make vitamins D and K. However, people on vegetarian diet may need to take vitamin supplements, depending on their body’s needs.

Each vitamin plays specific roles in the body and a deficiency in any of the vitamins may lead to health problems.


Below are signs you may need to step up on your vitamins intake.


Anaemia occurs due to a lack of healthy red blood cells. Anaemia is linked to the deficiency in folate, vitamin B-12 and vitamin C.


Night blindness

Blurred vision, inability to see in low light or darkness may be signs that you are not taking enough vitamin A.

Fatigue, breathlessness

Constant feeling of tiredness and breathlessness, numbness, poor balance and memory could be symptoms of vitamins B12 and E deficiency.


Mouth ulcer

Sores in and around the mouth may partly be linked to an insufficient intake of iron or B vitamins.

Soft bones
Calcium is needed for strong and healthy bones and teeth and muscles.

If your bones sprain at any slight move or a lot of body ache, consider increasing your vitamin D intake.


Poor blood clotting

Does your injury refuse to stop bleeding? That’s a sign you need more vitamin K in your diet.

If you experience one or more of these signs, consult a doctor for medical advice.


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