Since 1978, UNESCO has been in the business of discovering heritage sites in various countries.

The sites are deemed to have special cultural, scientific or historical significance, and as such, are officially recognised and legally protected by international treaties.

There are 21 of them in the list of 2016.

Antequera Dolmens Site
Antequera Dolmens Site

The site is located at the heart of Andalusia in southern Spain.

It comprises of three megathilic monuments which are “Menga and Viera dolmens and the Tholos of El Romeral” and two other natural monuments the “Peña de los Enamorados and El Torcal” mountainous formations.

The monuments (the 3 tombs) were built during the Bronze Age and are the most remarkable architectural works of European prehistory.

Antigua naval dockyard and related archaeological sites
Antigua naval dockyard and related archaeological sites

The dockyard consists of a group of Georgian-style naval buildings and structures, set within a walled enclosure.

Located in Antigua and Barbuda the dockyard was built to serve as protection for sugar cane planters at a time when European powers were competing for control of the Eastern Caribbean.

Archaeological Site of Ani
Archaeological Site of Ani

Located in secluded plateau of northeast Turkey, the site puts forward a comprehensive overview of the evolution of medieval architecture through examples of almost all the different architectural innovations of the region between the 7th and 13th centuries. The city combines residential, religious and military structures and the city flourished in the 10th and 11th century when it became the capital of Armenia kingdom.

Archaeological site of Nalanda Mahavihara (Nalanda University) at Nalanda, Bihar
Archaeological site of Nalanda Mahavihara (Nalanda University) at Nalanda, Bihar

Considered the most ancient university in Indian subordinate, it contains archaeological remains of a monastic and scholastic institution dating from the 3rd century BCE to the 13th century which includes stupas, shrines, viharas (residential and educational buildings) and important art works in stucco, stone and metal.

Archaeological site of Philippi
Archaeological site of Philippi, Greece

The monument found here are the remains of the walled city.

The city was founded in 356 BC by the Macedonian King Philip II, the city developed as a “small Rome” with the establishment of the Roman Empire in the decades following the Battle of Philippi, in 42 BCE.

The relics of the basilicas constitute an exceptional testimony to the early establishment of Christianity.

Archipiélago de Revillagigedo
Archipiélago de Revillagigedo, eastern Pacific Ocean, Mexico

The archipelago is made up of four remote islands and their surrounding waters: San Benedicto, Socorro, Roca Partida and Clarión.

The islands serve as critical habitat for a range of wildlife and are of particular importance for seabirds.

Ennedi Massif: Natural and cultural landscape
Ennedi Massif: Natural and cultural landscape, Chad

Ennedi Massif has been sculpted over time by water and wind erosion into a plateau including canyons and valleys that puts forward a spectacular landscape marked by cliffs, natural arches and pitons.

Gorham's cave complex
Gorham’s cave complex

The steep limestone cliffs on the eastern side of the Rock of Gibraltar contain four caves with archaeological and paleontological deposits.

The sites are located at United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland and scientific research on the site has already contributed substantially to debates about Neanderthal and human evolution.

Hubei Shennongjia
Hubei Shennongjia

Shennongjia consists of two components: Shennongding/Badong to the west and Laojunshan to the east which protects the largest primary forests remaining in Central China and provides habitat for many rare animal species, such as the Chinese Giant Salamander and monkeys.

The site features prominently in the history of botanical research and was the object of international plant collecting expeditions in the 19th and 20th centuries.

The site contributes to the history of botanical research and was the object of international plant collecting expeditions in the 19th and 20th centuries.

Khangchendzonga National Park
Khangchendzonga National Park

Situated at the heart of the Himalayan range in northern India (State of Sikkim), the Khangchendzonga National Park includes a unique diversity of plains, valleys, lakes, glaciers and spectacular, snow-capped mountains covered with ancient forests, which includes the world’s third highest peak, Mount Khangchendzonga.

The mountain is associated with mythological stories and with a great number of natural elements (caves, rivers, lakes, etc.) that are the object of worship by the indigenous people of Sikkim.

Lut Desert Sand dunes in Rig-e Yallan
Lut Desert Sand dunes in Rig-e Yallan

The Lut Desert or Dasht-e-Lut is located in the south-east of Iran and usually between June and October, this arid subtropical area is swept by strong winds which transport sediment and cause aeolian erosion on a colossal scale.

The site contains extensive stony deserts and dune fields.

Mistaken Point
Mistaken Point

The fossil site, which illustrates a watershed in the history of life on earth, is located at the south-eastern tip of the island of Newfoundland, in eastern Canada.

Nan Madol: Ceremonial Center of the Eastern Micronesia: Seawall of the islet of Lukopen Karian
Nan Madol: Ceremonial Center of the Eastern Micronesia: Seawall of the islet of Lukopen Karian

Nan Madol is a series of more than 100 islets off the south-east coast of Pohnpei claimed to have been constructed with walls of basalt and coral boulders.

Pampulha Modern Ensemble
Pampulha Modern Ensemble, Brazil

The Ensemble was the centre of a visionary garden city project created in 1940 at Belo Horizonte, the capital of Minas Gerais State.

It includes bold forms that exploit the plastic potential of concrete, while fusing architecture, landscape design, sculpture and painting into a harmonious whole.

Sanganeb Marine National Park and Dungonab Bay – Mukkawar Island Marine National Park
Sanganeb Marine National Park and Dungonab Bay – Mukkawar Island Marine National Park

The park contains two separate areas: Sanganeb, an isolated, coral reef structure in the central Red Sea and the only atoll, 25 km off the shoreline of Sudan.

The second component of the property is made up of Dungonab Bay and Mukkawar Island, situated 125 km north of Port Sudan which includes diverse system of coral reefs, mangroves, seagrass beds, beaches and islets.

Stećci Medieval Tombstones Graveyards
Stećci Medieval Tombstones Graveyards

The tombstones graveyards consist of 28 sites, located in Bosnia and Herzegovina, western Serbia, western Montenegro and central and southern Croatia.

The cemeteries feature a wide range of decorative motifs and inscriptions that represent iconographic continuities within medieval Europe as well as locally distinctive traditions.

The Ahwar of Southern Iraq Refuge of Biodiversity and the Relict Landscape of the Mesopotamian Cities
The Ahwar of Southern Iraq: Refuge of Biodiversity and the Relict Landscape of the Mesopotamian Cities

The Ahwar is made up of seven components: three archaeological sites and four wetland marsh areas.

The archaeological cities of Uruk and Ur and the Tell Eridu archaeological site constitute part of the remains of the Sumerian cities and settlements that developed in southern Mesopotamia between the 4th and the 3rd millennium BCE in the marshy delta of the Tigris and Euphrates rivers.

The Architectural Work of Le Corbusier, an Outstanding Contribution to the Modern Movement
The Architectural Work of Le Corbusier, an Outstanding Contribution to the Modern Movement

The work was chosen from Le Corbusier, it contains 17 sites comprising this transnational serial property are spread over seven countries. They are a testimonial to the invention of a new architectural language that made a break with the past.

The sites, located in Argentina, were built over a period of a half-century in the course of “patient research” as described by Le Corbusier.

The Persian Qanat
The Persian Qanat

Located in Iran, agricultural and permanent settlements are supported by the ancient qanat system.

They tap alluvial aquifers at the heads of valleys and conducting the water along underground tunnels by gravity, often over many kilometres.

The eleven qanats are considered to provide outstanding testimony to cultural traditions and civilizations in desert areas with an arid climate.

Western Tien-Shan
Western Tien-Shan

Located in the Tien-Shan mountain system of Kazakhstan, the site features diverse landscapes and is of global importance as a centre of origin for a number of cultivated fruit crops.

Zuojiang Huashan Rock Art Cultural Landscape
Zuojiang Huashan Rock Art Cultural Landscape

The site is situated on the steep cliffs in the border regions of southwest China and it contains 38 sites of rock art which illustrate the life and rituals of the Luoyue people.

This cultural landscape is considered to be the only remains of this culture today.



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